ABOUT DELNA AND FUNDING
What is Delna?
Delna is a public benefit organisation and since 1998 the national chapter of the international anti-corruption organisation Transparency International. The purpose of Delna is to promote the development of democratic society by facilitating freedom of information and prevention of corruption. Since 1998 mission of Delna is to facilitate society, which in politics, business and mutual relations is free from corruption.
Who is funding Delna?
The day-to-day work of Delna in 2014 consists from implementing publicly important projects, majority of which are funded by the European Commission and Society Integration Foundation through the funds administered by these institutions. The funding has been acquired in a competition with other calls for proposals of NGOs and associations. More information about projects of Delna in 2014 is available HERE.
Who is funding this database?
Project Kandidatiuzdelnas.lv is financially supported by the Open Society Institute within the framework of the Open Society Initiative for Europe.
What is “Open Society Institute” and “Open Society Foundations”?
Open Society Institute as well as Open Society Initiative for Europe are foundations that provide financial support to projects in Eastern Europe and other countries all over the world. More information about the foundation: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/
Who are the supporters of Delna in creating this database?
Implementation of the project in the form of pro bono services is supported also by "Digibrand" Ltd., "Airport" Ltd., „Skrivanek” language solutions and private donors. Informative support to the portal is provided by the portal „Draugiem.lv”, internet portal Delfi, media of Latvians residing abroad "Latviesi.com", "Batic-Ireland.ie", "Anglobalticnews.co.uk" and others.
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ABOUT EP ELECTIONS
Where can the information about EP elections be found?
Information about EP elections is available on the official web site of the European Parliament http://www.europarl.europa.eu, as well as on the web site of the Central Election Commission of Latvia www.cvk.lv.
Where is the information about the previous actions of EP members available?
Information about the previous actions of EP members is available on the official web site of the European Parliament, specifically, in the profiles of the members of EP.
Where is the information about salaries of EP members and other benefits they are entitled to available?
Information about financial resources and other benefits available to EP members is available on the official web site of the EP, section “Organisation and Work” - “Members/MEPs”, submenu “Salaries and allowances”, etc. here.
Is Latvia the only country, where EP candidates have been assessed?
In 2014 Open Society Institute supported more than 60 projects all over Europe that are aimed at monitoring the elections to the European Parliament.
More about EP elections you can read here.
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ABOUT ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
What is corruption?
Corruption is the abuse of the delegated authority in order to gain private benefit. It is bribery and any other action of those individuals, who have received authority in the public or private sector and who are exceeding their authority that derive from the duties as state officials, privately employed persons, independent entrepreneurs or other relations of similar status, and that are aimed at acquisition of undeserved advantages towards oneself or others. Corruption and types of corruptive actions are, for instance, cleptocracy, seizure of power, bribe-taking and bribery, abuse of authority, blackmailing, fraud, and “commissions”, especially during procurement procedure.
What is the conflict of interest?
The conflict of interest is a situation where in performing the duties of office of the public official, the public official must take a decision or participate in taking of a decision or perform other activities related to the office of the public official which affect or may affect the personal or financial interests of this public official, his or her relatives or counterparties, according to the law “On Prevention of Conflict of Interest in Activities of Public Officials”.
What is good governance?
According to the recommendations of the European Council of Ministers, good governance is the administration and management of an organisation that include compliance to such principles as rule of law, equality, objectivity, proportionality, legitimate expectations, duty to act within reasonable time, participation, respecting privacy (data protection) and transparency. A string of public and international organisations have defined recommendations and suggestions on introducing good governance. Latvia is among the countries adherent to the European Council of Ministers.
What is ethics?
Ethics develop the model of action for individuals and defines reference-points of proper behaviour. The main task of the ethics is to provide answers to the question: “How shall I act?” Ethics as an academic discipline discuss and define the reference-points of proper behaviour – values and principles. Action that corresponds to the values of ethics ensures that it is beneficial to the individual, to other people and even broader – to the whole society. According to the principles of ethics, the actions of a human shall be reasonable and rational – namely, a human has to be able to justify its actions and foresee the consequences. Ethics teach that the human actions should comply with certain values, like integrity, dignity, fairness, courage, reliability, and independence. We recommend to read more about ethics in the material developed by KNAB HERE.
Why is ethical behaviour of public officials and politicians important?
Ethical behaviour of public officials and politicians strengthens the trust of the society towards politicians and public and local governments and institutions. The work of public officials and politicians is closely connected to the trust of the society, and it implies special responsibilities. Therefore the actions of these individuals have to comply with the principles of ethics, and they can by no means raise doubts about the objectivity and neutrality of the person. Ethical behaviour reduces possibility of immoral and illegal actions. Ethics direct individuals towards acknowledgement of public opinions, interests and rights. Observation of the principles of ethics strengthens self-control of an individual. A public official or a politician, who observes high ethical standards, will strive to act lawfully, and will try to consider the interests of the broader society in his or her work. We recommend to read more about ethics of public officials in the material developed by KNAB HERE.
What is hate speech?
There is no definition of the concept „hate speech” in the international human rights documents, therefore creators of the data base used the definition of the European Council, which is also used as a reference by the European Court of Human Rights. The following aspects were assessed during selection: if the candidate has publicly expressed intolerant opinion or instigated hateful action against particular groups of the society, for example, racial discrimination, xenophobia, antisemitism or other forms of hate based on intolerance arising from aggressive nationalism, ethnocentrism, discrimination and hate towards minorities, migrants and people with foreign origin.
Attention is paid to the following:
intolerant statements regarding state and diverse groups of the society;
public call for violence, hate and discrimination;
public injury of reputation and defamation;
intimidation of the individual or a group of persons due to race, colour, language, religion, citizenship, gender, or national origin;
with the racial intention and public propagation of ideology that advocates superiority or derogates or abuses a group of persons due to race, colour, language, religion, citizenship, gender, or national origin.
What were the criteria Delna used to select the lists of the parties and candidates for this web site?
To read more about these criteria in details please click here.
Why does Kandidatiuzdelnas.lv not provide information on the leaders of all 14 lists than run for the EP elections?
In these elections to the European Parliament the competition will be keen high, thus the following factors stipulated the selection of the parties’ analysed:
Role of the party at the level of national politics – among selected parties are the current ruling parties in Latvia, regardless if they are in a position or opposition. Moreover, if the leader of the respective party, who has held a significant office at the national or European level, is also included in the list, summarised information due to the importance of the office is provided also about the leaders of the list;
Previous representation in the European Parliament – the party was included in the data base for analysis, if the list of candidates includes current Members of European Parliament (MEPs) or candidates that were MEPs in the past;
Prospect to be elected – from the small parties or young political powers Delna decided to analyse those, which, according to Delna’s expectations or public opinion polls have a chance to overcome the election threshold of 5% and be elected
What were the criteria Delna used to choose mass media, whose materials will be published in the database?
To read more about information sources used in the selection of the information in data base please click here.
What do remarks “Food for thought”, “Low risk”, “Average risk”, and “High risk” or “Dangerous” on the profiles of the candidates mean?
To read more about these assesments of the candidates pleease click here.
How was the creation of the database and assessment of the candidates organised?
To read more about this process please click here.
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Last changes 08.05.2014